Babies, toddlers and infants are known to have a soft, delicate skin that is easily infected and irritated by different factors that can cause allergic reactions like rashes which can develop into lesions.
The skin functions to protect the body, but since baby’s skin is not yet well developed, it needs extra attention and care in order to avoid growth and development of skin problems.
Types of rashes
- Diaper rash is the most common type of skin rash that affects almost half of the infants. It is caused by prolonged contact of skin with urine or stool. Substances in urine and stool regularly cause skin irritation. However, powders, lotions as well as diapers made of plastic and other chemicals can also trigger irritation.
Persistent appearance of diaper rash affects lower abdomen, genitals, and anus due to secondary infection caused by fungus known as candida.
- Cradle cap is a harmless type of baby rash exhibited by infants during their first three months. Appearance of yellow scaly patches on the surface of the scalp indicates manifestations of this type of skin rash.
- Erythema toxicum appears as a pimple-like rash on face, trunk and extremities of the infant’s body. It often disappears after 7 to 14 days of treatment.
- Eczema can be hereditary or can be triggered by other mild skin rash. It is characterized by manifestations of red small lumps with itching sensations on cheeks forehead and scalp that may spread on arms and sole of feet.
- Baby acne is caused by maternal hormones. White or red bumps appear on cheeks and forehead of babies within 4 months.
- Milia are often common to male infants during the first month with manifestations of white pearly bumps of the face, trunk, limbs and penis.
There are several causes of allergic reactions for babies, toddlers and infants. The immune system is programmed to battle off foreign substances that evade the body in order to prevent sicknesses. However when unharmful substances or objects like foods, pets, weather and temperature, clothing, diaper as well as drug prescriptions trigger cells to produce excess proteins, tissues become swelled and inflamed.
Food help children grow stronger and healthier. However, there are some instances when food becomes a risk factor to children’s health conditions. Some babies, toddlers and infants are sensitive to certain food like honey, peanut, eggs, wheat and bottled milk causing them to have allergic reactions.
Fur from pets like dogs and cats can also cause allergic reaction when inhaled or comes in contact with sensitive baby skin. Sudden change of weather or temperature can also lead to appearance of skin rashes in babies.
Pathogens like bacteria, virus, and fungi cause the largest type of baby rashes which can lead to worst diseases like scarlet fever, exanthems, and chicken pox.
Baby’s skin allergies have several remedies. And some of these remedies can be done plainly at home.
- Parents can apply creams like hydrocortisone and clotrimazole that can relieve itching and swelling caused by simple rashes.
- White vinegar can also be used to remove rash by washing baby’s bottom every after diaper change. Dilute vinegar in eight parts water.
- Application of thick body lotions and petroleum jelly can protect the skin from irritations caused by direct contact of skin to urine or stool.
- Some scaly scalp rash as well as the cradle cap can be treated with use of baby oil. It helps soften the scale-like rash causing it to be easily removed.
- Severe cases of baby rash can be treated with antihistamines. However, it is important to consult a doctor first for the proper prescribed amount before using it for treatment.
Every parent wants to protect their child from certain conditions, be it mild or severe, however due to certain factors that causes occurrence of these conditions cannot be avoided but can be lessened.
- Allow your baby to play or sleep during day time without using any diaper in order to air his skin.
- Do not use scented baby wipes sine it contains chemicals that may trigger allergic reactions. Use alcohol free and non-scented wipes to lessen development of rash.
- Since temperature causes formation of rash, allow your child to wear loose and soft clothing during dry seasons in order to avoid extreme sweating that can cause rash.
- For lactating mothers, avoid food that like fish, eggs, and peanut that can set off rash on infants.
- If your baby drinks bottled milk, observe if there are any rash effects that develops from the skin and sterilize drinking bottle.
- Use mild soap and shampoo when bathing your baby to avoid dry skin and rash.
- Dust causes allergies. Make sure that the premises where your child sleep and play is cleaned every day.
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